Ten Stroke Roll - Drum Rudiment

The ten stroke roll was one of the patterns chosen to take part in the 26 American Drum Rudiments by members of the National Association of Rudimental Drummers (N.A.R.D.) in 1936. In 1984, the 26 drum rudiments were joined by 14 other drum rudiments, giving birth to the 40 International Drum Rudiments.

The ten stroke roll is a pattern from the drum roll family of drum rudiments. You can think of the ten stroke roll as a nine stroke roll with an extra single stroke added in, or as a six stroke roll with two extra sets of doubles. Therefore, learning how to play the six stroke roll and the nine stroke roll before taking on this free drum lesson is a great idea. Mastering the two of them will make it a lot easier for you to develop the ten stroke roll properly.

Ten Stroke Roll

In the video, the ten stroke roll is demonstrated on the practice pad with 32nd note doubles and 16th note singles. On the drum set, the ten stroke roll is applied with 16th note doubles and 8th note singles. The important thing here is to keep the relation between the doubles and the singles the same one – the singles are played at half the speed of the doubles. Practice leading the ten stroke roll with both hands separately. Once you're able to play the ten stroke roll comfortably on a single surface, you can move on to learn how to apply the ten stroke roll to the drum set.

Exercise #1 is a 16th note half-time tom-tom drum beat. The doubles on the ten stroke roll are broken up between the floor tom and the hi-tom on counts 1 and 2. The singles are played on the snare drum on count 3 and on the open hi-hat on the "and" of 3. Focus on getting the hand pattern mastered before you add the bass drum in. This bass drum pattern is fairly simple so feel free to mess around with it once you've mastered this drum beat as written.

Ten Stroke Roll #1

Exercise #2 is a 16th note half-time drum beat. The underlying rhythmic pattern featured in this pattern is the same as the one on the previous exercise. You just have to move the tom-tom strokes to the closed hi-hat and the open hi-hat stroke to the hi-tom and you're done.

Ten Stroke Roll #2

The 16th note drum fill on exercise #3 starts on count 2. This drum fill is very interesting since it features a quarter note bass drum pattern. This is a very simple way of adding the bass drum into you drum fills. Once you've mastered this patterns as written, spice it up by adding more complex bass drum patterns.

Ten Stroke Roll #3

Exercise #4 is a 16th note drum fill. The weaker hand plays the doubles and the single on the snare drum while the lead hand moves its strokes around the toms. This drum fill ends with a unison figure between the hi-tom and the floor tom on count 4.

Ten Stroke Roll #4

Once you're able to play the ten stroke roll and the exercises herein accurately, you can move on to further expand your knowledge on the 40 drum rudiments. We encourage you to learn how to play the eleven stroke roll and the thirteen stroke roll next.