Single Paradiddle-diddle - Drum Rudiment
The single paradiddle-diddle is one of the 40 International Drum Rudiments since 1984. The Percussive Arts Society (P.A.S.) was responsible for its inclusion, after settling on the expansion of the 26 drum rudiments with orchestral, drum corps, European, and contemporary drum rudiments.
You can think of the single paradiddle-diddle as a single paradiddle with an extra diddle right after it - R (par) L (a) R (did) R (dle) L (did) L (dle). Much like the double paradiddle, the single paradiddle-diddle is usually played in either 8th note triplets or 16th note triplets. Thus, this is a great pattern to use in triplet based music. Learn how to play the single paradiddle and the double paradiddle before taking on the single paradiddle-diddle. Doing so will enable you to learn how to play the single paradiddle-diddle way faster. The single paradiddle-diddle is the only pattern from the paradiddle family of drum rudiments that doesn't naturally alternate within itself. Practice this rudiment leading with both hands.
Once you feel confident with the single paradiddle-diddle, you can move on to learn how to apply the single paradiddle-diddle to drum beats and drum fills.
Exercise #1 is an 8th note triplet half-time drum beat. The single paradiddle-diddle is broken up between the snare drum and the hi-hat. Start by learning the hand pattern first. Once you have that down, add the bass drum on counts 1 and 3.
Exercise #2 is another 8th note triplet drum beat. This beat is very similar to the previous one. The main thing you'll notice here is that the snare drum pattern on exercise #1 was moved to the hi-hat while the hi-hat pattern on exercise #1 was moved to the bow of the ride cymbal instead. The only thing that was kept the same was the snare shot on count 3 and the bass drum stroke on count 1.
Exercise #3 is a 12/8 time signature drum fill. The doubles are played on the hi-tom and the snare drum while the singles are spread between the mid-tom and the floor tom. This is a very cool sounding single paradiddle-diddle drum fill.
Exercise #4 is a drum fill played in 12/8 time signature. Playing consistent sounding doubles is a challenge you'll find within drum fill. This is so because some of them are performed on the floor tom. If you'd like to have more information on how to play consistent sounding doubles on soggy surfaces like the ones from toms, check the free drum lesson on the double stroke roll.
Once you're able to play the single paradiddle-diddle and the exercises herein accurately, you can move on to further expand your knowledge on the 40 drum rudiments. We encourage you to learn how to play the flam or the drag ruff next.